Cameroonians Recount France’s ‘Dirty War’ Against Independence Movement:

Cameroonians Recount France’s ‘Dirty War’ Against Independence Movement:

Ekité (Cameroon) (AFP) – It was a “messy war” pursued by French provincial soldiers yet it never stood out as truly newsworthy and even today goes untold in school history books.

The merciless clash unfurled in Cameroon, which on January 1 denotes its 60th commemoration of autonomy – the first of 17 African nations that turned out to be liberated from their pilgrim aces in 1960.

Numerous decades on, the individuals who saw the savagery review occasions that formed innumerable lives in the focal African nation yet remain unchronicled today.

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“My life was toppled,” Odile Mbouma, 72, said in the southwestern town of Ekite.

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The evening of December 30, 1956, French soldiers landed in the town and butchered many individuals, maybe upwards of a hundred, she said.

“We were sitting under a tree when we abruptly heard the snap of gunfire,” she said. “It was everybody for themselves.”

Fleeing, the seven-year-old ended up hopping over bodies. “They were all over the place.”

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The soldiers were searching for autonomy contenders – individuals from the Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (UPC), a patriot development set up in 1948 that confronted restraint first by the French and later by Cameroonian fighters.

French specialists marked the UPC “socialist” and broke down from 1955, driving the development underground, however its appealing author Ruben Um Nyobe lectured peacefulness.

— Buried in concrete —




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In September 1958, Um Nyobe – nicknamed Mpodol (for “he who brings the word” in the Bassa language) – was murdered by French soldiers.

“His body was hauled around and showed with the goal that everyone (saw the body) of a man who was viewed as undying,” said Louis Marie Mang, UPC extremist in Eseka, where Um Nyobe is covered in a Protestant memorial park.

“To keep customary rituals from being held, he was placed in a square of concrete and covered (without) a pine box.”

The contention proceeded with long past freedom, for restraint of the patriots proceeded under Cameroon’s first president, Ahmadou Ahidjo, who likewise prohibited open references to the UPC and to Um Nyobe.




The savagery “passed unnoticed, cleaned from recollections,” as per Thomas Deltombe, Manuel Domergue and Jacob Tatsitsa, creators of “La Guerre du Cameroun” (“Cameroon’s War”), distributed in 2016.

They gauge that somewhere in the range of 1955 and 1964, a huge number of individuals, including regular citizens just as UPC individuals, were murdered.




In Ekite, a wreath of blossoms lies on the dirt of a scrubland field toward the finish of a soil track. “The Nation will recollect your penance,” says a commemoration notice.

“This is one of the mass graves where the patriots were covered,” said Jean-Louis Kell, an UPC aggressor.

A subsequent discard was clear twelve meters (yards) away, and “a third was found in the no so distant past,” said Benoit Bassemel. He was seven during the French slaughter and has tears in his eyes when he tells how his dad was killed.

— ‘Free like the others’ —

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UPC patriots accept that the freedom allowed on January 1, 1960 was not what they battled for.

They see the nation’s two post-autonomy presidents, Ahidjo and Paul Biya, who has been in office since 1982, as working connected at the hip with France.




“We needed to be free similar to different nations. We never again needed white individuals to enslave us,” said 80-year-old Mathieu Njassep, in his modest family loft in Petit Paris, a poor area of Douala, the monetary capital.

In 1960, matured 21, Njassep joined the Cameroon National Liberation Army (ALNK), the UPC’s furnished wing.

Following two years of battling, he was designated secretary to Ernest Ouandie, a main figure in the development. He was condemned to death yet got away from the terminating squad, not at all like Ouandie, who was executed in 1971.

“We had nothing to wage a war with,” Njassep said.

“We did ambushes” with cleavers, sticks and handcrafted firearms. “On the off chance that we had enough weapons, we would have beaten them.”

At the time, the ALNK had set up its base camp in the town of Bandenkop, on the place where there is the principle western innate gathering, the Bamileke. Battling was savage between the patriots and the French armed force.

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In the tough valley from which ALNK officers drove tasks, there is no indication of human life today and the main sound is that of a gurgling stream.

“This entire zone was normally shelled” by the French aviation based armed forces, said Michel Eclador Pekoua, a previous UPC official.

Pekoua and different patriots state French planes dropped napalm. France has neither affirmed nor prevented the utilization from securing the infamous ignitable weapon.

  • Decapitations –




On a street 30 kilometres (19 miles) toward the north, in Bafoussam, an indirect is known as the “intersection of the guerrillas,” for it was the place the executed heads of patriots were set on appear, said Theophile Nono, leader of a chronicled affiliation, Memoire 60.

The system’s techniques “ran from the capture and self-assertive detainment of any Cameroonian associated with ‘resistance’ to deliberate torment, with extrajudicial outline executions,” Nono said.

For a long time, the contention, for the most part, stayed unthinkable in Cameroon. It was during the 1990s, when the specialists went under mounting pressure for law-based change, that individuals started to raise the notable past.




Biya, in a discourse in 2010, paid tribute to “individuals who longed for (freedom), battled to acquire it and relinquished their lives for it… Our kin ought to be endlessly thankful to them.”

Following quite a while of French quietness, at that point president, Francois Hollande in 2015 turned into his nation’s first head of state to discuss “a constraint” of Cameroonian patriots prompting “awful scenes”.

For some survivors, this isn’t sufficient.

“France must acknowledge its obligation,” Nono said.




“It must embrace to repay casualties of the messy war, which has been deliberately hidden by both the French side and the Cameroonian side.”